These STIs Are on the Rise

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are on the rise. Syphilis, chlamydia and gonorrhoea are still prevalent, but other infections which are passed through sexual contact are developing at an alarming rate.

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One of the main problems with STIs is their ability to develop resistance to antibiotics, and some of the infections can be particularly dangerous. The most at-risk group are men who have sexual contact with other men, but this is by no means the only group at risk.

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Mycoplasma Genitalium

Mycoplasma genitalium was first discovered in the 1980s but only recognised as an STI in 2015. This is often referred to as Mgen and is made up of tiny bacteria that gather in the urethra and genital track areas of the body. There are often no symptoms, which can cause a delay in diagnosis or misdiagnosis. However, if left untreated, it can cause inflammation and severe pain in the scrotum for men and damage fallopian tubes in women. The consequences of this can lead to bleeding and even infertility.

Some STIs can be diagnosed using home STI kits Greenwich from companies such as https://www.checkurself.org.uk/plus/home_sti_kits/.

Neisseria Meningitidis

Neisseria meningitidis (NM) can cause the very serious condition of meningitis, which causes swelling to the brain membranes and spinal cord, and if not treated quickly, can lead to amputation of limbs and death.

Recent developments in the infection mean that it can now survive in the genitals and so is therefore able to be transmitted by sexual contact, including oral sex. Although there are vaccines that prevent NM, it is estimated that 1 in 10 people have the infection in their throat.

The recent outbreak of coronavirus is causing worldwide panic, with some people questioning if condoms can protect them from catching the virus during sex.

Shigella Flexneri

Shigella flexneri can cause serious and violent sickness and diarrhoea and is contracted by drinking water that has been contaminated or through poor personal hygiene such as not washing hands thoroughly and frequently. However, it can also be caught via rectal sex.

Lymphogranuloma Venereum

One strain of Lymphogranuloma venereum can lead to chlamydia. The symptoms include burning pain during urination and sex, unpleasant discharges and blindness. If left untreated, it can attack the lymph nodes.

Anyone concerned they may have an STI should seek medical advice and treatment as soon as possible.

 

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