Psychotherapy for anxiety
Most specialists agree in considering a more adequate cognitive behavioral therapy plus sometimes at drug. The first stage of therapy is in information, you have to understand what the panic attack and realize that many people suffer from it. Many people with this disorder are led to believe that they are going crazy or that this would lead to a heart attack; precisely the “cognitive restructuring” (to change the way of thinking), helps the patient to replace those beliefs with more realistic and positive thoughts.
Cognitive therapy can help the patient to identify possible panic attacks, which limit may be a thought or a change in heart rate. Only when the patient is able to understand what may be the spring that triggers the panic attack, you can also learn how to prevent it. The main component of the therapy is that many doctors have called “exposition in imaginative” which is similar to that used for the desensitization of phobias, but focuses more on what is real. Those affected by the attack of panic are more afraid that the event will happen again that objects and specific situations; their greatest fear is that the attack is unleashed in places or circumstances.
The exposure in imaginative can help overcome the panic attack, passing through the symptoms: elevated heart rate, flushing, sweating, and so on, and teach them that all these situations may not even result in a panic attack. Behavioral therapy is also effective to address the situation and prevent panic attacks associated with phobias, for example.
Relaxation techniques are important in the “passage through the attack”, these techniques include the redevelopment of respiration, in fact some specialists have noticed that those suffering from panic attacks, tends to have breathing rates a bit ‘higher than average; learn to slow them down can help prevent future attacks.
In some cases, it is also necessary drugs anti-anxiety, anti-depressants and even cardiac drugs especially beta-blockers, to regularize irregular beats.
Finally, even a support group with other patients can be useful; it cannot replace therapy but can be a very valid. All these treatments have to be prescribed by a psychologist or psychiatrist.
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People suffering from panic attacks because of the associated physical illnesses, seek remedy from your doctor. The socially anxious people live the terrible experiences that lead to secluded life far from reality. Panic and agoraphobia are social problems, although sometimes people who suffer from it, they also speak with friends and family. The image of anxious people is to people who live isolated from everything and everyone, even if no account is taken of the fact that a cause of anxiety is just loneliness. So the socially anxious person is left alone, even during a therapy group, the number of those present must be modest at least for the first few sessions because patients are afraid to talk, to draw attention to themselves, to feel embarrassed.
Contrary to popular belief, people who suffer from social anxiety do not degenerate in agoraphobia, this one has because of panic attacks and not as a result of social anxiety. Similarly, the panic attack does not result in personality disorder.
Also contrary to the wording of some psychiatrists, people who suffer from panic attacks are not subject even social anxiety, although it is not uncommon for some people who suffer from social anxiety say, “are in a panic.” the possibility that both disorders are manifested, but there will always be one predominant is not excluded. Some people simultaneously suffering from anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress and generalized anxiety.
From recent studies, social anxiety disorder is the most common, and is not an exception that these patients have difficulty to seek help, just the thought of it can create high levels of anxiety.
The panic attack with or without agoraphobia is the second most common disorder. Anxiety disorders are disorders that affect the vast majority of the world population, but despite this there is still a small amount of research on and clinical experience.
Public opinion continues to focus on the most weird and incomprehensible psychological disorders, leaving out those that are popular.